Bududa is a village, population 4,200 and elevation 4,300 feet, in the eastern region of Uganda north of Lake Victoria and bordering Kenya. It is the main municipal, administrative, and commercial center of Bududa District, which is a political jurisdiction like a county. Known as the ‘Forgotten District’, it is famous for its rural farmers and landslides. Almost every year residents in the more mountainous area, fortunately not in Bududa village, are asked to evacuate because of flooding that causes homes to slide down hillsides.
Bududa is located within Uganda’s Mount Elgon National Park, one of the most beautiful natural areas in Africa. Mount Elgon, elevation 14,177 feet, is an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya. Geologists estimate it is at least 24 million years old, the oldest extinct volcano in East Africa and one of the largest. Its cooler heights offer respite for humans from the hot plains below, and its higher altitudes provide a refuge for flora and fauna.
Bududa District has one of the highest birth rates in the world, and the income level is among the lowest. During the past 15 years the population has doubled from 123,000 to almost 250,000. The livelihoods of residents in Bududa are greatly affected by the norm of poverty, subsistence farming, and lack of job opportunities.